what are Hand foot and mouth disease?:
The Emergence of Monkeypox: What You Need to Know
Monkeypox is a rare disease but it is a potentially serious viral disease that affects humans and animals too. Primarily the virus, Monkeypox, is found in central and west African countries, but outbreaks have also been reported in other parts of the world. The most recent outbreak of monkeypox occurred in 2022, with several countries reporting cases. In this article, we will take a closer look at the monkeypox outbreak and its impact on human health.
Monkeypox: An Overview
Monkeypox is a viral disease that was first identified in monkeys in 1958. The disease was later found to affect humans as well. It is a zoonotic disease that can spread from person to animal or from animal to person. Monkeypox is caused by a virus that belongs to the same family as the smallpox virus. However, monkeypox is less severe than smallpox, with a lower mortality rate.
As it is a zoonotic disease So, it is transmitted to humans through contact with infected animals, such as rodents or primates, or contact with the bodily fluids of infected humans.
Characteristics of disease |symptoms
The disease is characterized by fever, headache, muscle aches, and a rash. In severe cases, monkeypox can lead to respiratory failure, sepsis, and death.
Monkeypox Outbreaks in 2022
The most recent outbreak of monkeypox occurred in 2022, with several countries reporting cases. The following is a breakdown of the monkeypox outbreaks in 2022, by country:
- Nigeria: The outbreak in Nigeria began in May 2022, with cases reported in several states. As of September 2022, there have been a total of 203 confirmed cases, with 13 deaths.
- Cameroon: The outbreak in Cameroon began in July 2022, with cases reported in several regions. As of September 2022, there have been a total of 35 confirmed cases, with 6 deaths
- Republic of the Congo: The outbreak in the Republic of the Congo began in August 2022, with cases reported in several departments. As of September 2022, there have been a total of 16 confirmed cases, with 2 deaths.
- Central African Republic: The outbreak in the Central African Republic began in September 2022, with cases reported in several regions. As of September 2022, there have been a total of 10 confirmed cases, with 1 death
- South Sudan: The outbreak in South Sudan began in September 2022, with cases reported in several states. As of September 2022, there have been a total of 8 confirmed cases, with no deaths
- Other Countries: In addition to the countries listed above, there have been several cases of monkeypox reported in other countries, including the United States, the United Kingdom, Israel, and Singapore. These cases have been linked to travelers who had recently visited countries where monkeypox was present.
Prevention and Treatment
There is currently no specific treatment for monkeypox, and the disease is managed through supportive care, such as providing fluids, pain relief, and oxygen therapy. Vaccination against smallpox is effective in preventing monkeypox, but the smallpox vaccine is no longer widely available.Further you can see the prevention techniques given by WHO
Preventing the spread of monkeypox requires taking precautions to avoid contact with infected animals or people. This includes wearing gloves and protective clothing when handling animals, avoiding contact with sick people, and practicing good hygiene, such as washing hands frequently.
The monkeypox outbreak of 2022 has highlighted the need for continued vigilance in the fight against infectious diseases. While monkeypox is a relatively rare disease, its potential for causing serious illness and death underscores the importance of taking steps to prevent its spread.
Through vaccination, good hygiene practices, and measures to avoid contact with infected animals and people, we can work together to control monkeypox and other infectious diseases.
Read more about