population of Pakistan increase day by day:
Pakistan is the fifth largest country in terms of population with a population of over 220 million. Pakistan has experienced significant population growth over the past century, with its population increasing nearly fivefold since the 1950s. In this article, we will examine the factors that cause population growth in Pakistan as well as its impact on the country’s economy, society, and economy.
Historical Population Trends in Pakistan
Pakistan has experienced significant population growth over the past century. In 1950, the country’s population was just over 37 million. By 2021, it had grown to more than 220 million, a nearly 6-fold increase. The country’s population is projected to continue to grow, with estimates suggesting it will reach nearly 400 million by 2050.
One of the reasons for the population growth in Pakistan is the high fertility rate. The country’s total fertility rate (TFR), which is the average number of children born during a woman’s lifetime, was 3.6 in 2020. This is significantly higher than the global average TFR of 2.4. High fertility rates are partly due to cultural factors, such as the desire for large families, as well as limited access to family planning services.
Another reason for population growth in Pakistan is the decrease in the death rate. Advances in health care, nutrition, and sanitation have significantly reduced child mortality rates in recent decades. But, despite these improvements in health care, there has not been a corresponding decline in fertility rates, leading to an aging population.
Effects of population growth on the economy
Pakistan’s rapidly growing population is proving to be a threat to the country’s economy. One of the main concerns is the impact on employment opportunities. With a large and growing workforce, the country will need to create millions of new jobs each year to keep up with demand. Failure to do so can lead to increased poverty, inequality, and social unrest.
Additionally, a growing population puts pressure on a country’s infrastructure and resources, such as housing, transportation, and water supply. These problems are compounded by the fact that the majority of the population lives in urban areas, where access to basic services and infrastructure is often limited.
On the other hand, a large and growing population also offers opportunities for economic growth and development. A larger workforce can increase innovation and productivity, leading to higher levels of economic output. Additionally, a growing customer base can create new markets for businesses, increasing demand for goods and services.
Effects of population growth on society and environment
Pakistan’s population growth also has significant impacts on the country’s society and environment. Rapid population growth can lead to increased competition for resources, such as land and water, which can exacerbate existing conflicts and tensions.
Additionally, a growing population can put pressure on social services, such as health care and education. Overcrowded classrooms and hospitals can reduce quality of care and lower educational outcomes, further increasing poverty and inequality.
Furthermore, rapid population growth can have significant environmental consequences, such as deforestation, soil degradation, and air and water pollution. These environmental challenges can have far-reaching impacts, including increased vulnerability to natural disasters and climate change.
Pakistan’s rapidly growing population presents significant challenges and opportunities for the country’s economy, society, and environment. While population growth can drive economic growth and development, it also puts pressure on infrastructure and resources, exacerbating poverty, inequality, and environmental challenges. Addressing these challenges will require an integrated and multi-pronged approach, including investments in education, health care, and family planning, as well as sustainable development policies that balance economic growth with environmental protection. do
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